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Το USSC δικαιώνει την Google Vs Oracle στην αντιδικία για χρήση Java API στο Android


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WWW.THEREGISTER.COM

America's top judges decide copied code in Android is fair use



«The ruling puts an end to a case that troubled the software industry for more than a decade and narrows the scope of copyright law as it applies to software.

The court had two questions before it: whether software interfaces qualify for copyright protection and whether Google's use of Oracle's software interface code represents fair use, assuming the Java APIs can be copyrighted...

For assessing fair use, Copyright law requires consideration of: the purpose and character of the usage; the nature of the work; the proportion of the copied work in relation to the original; and the effect the copy has on the market for the original...

Google’s copying of the Java SE API, which included only those lines of code that were needed to allow programmers to put their accrued talents to work in a new and transformative program, was a fair use of that material as a matter of law," the majority opinion [PDF] says...

Oracle, in a statement emailed to The Register, decried the ruling. Denied a copyright-granted monopoly on Java, Big Red characterized Google as a thief and a monopolist, citing the ad company's ongoing regulatory challenges to justify its disparagement...

Google, meanwhile, celebrated the decision...

"The Court's decision suggests that the scope of copyright and computer programs is narrower than the federal circuit thought," said Pamela Samuelson, professor of law and information at the University of California, Berkeley, in a phone interview with The Register...

Samuelson said the decision makes it more likely defendants will be able to win a motion to dismiss API copyright litigation for failure to state a valid claim.

In a statement emailed to The Register, J. Michael Keyes, a partner at law firm Dorsey & Whitney, described the ruling as the biggest copyright decision in a generation...»

Η απόφαση του USSC (το Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο των Η.Π.Α., ίσως το σημαντικότερο δικαστήριο στον κόσμο αυτή την στιγμή)
https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/20pdf/18-956_d18f.pdf

Πήραν και μια άλλη απόφαση, μικρότερης σημασίας από την προηγούμενη, σχετικά με το αν παραβίαζαν το σύνταγμα τους τα μπλοκαρίσματα που έκανε ο Τραμπ, όσο είχε το αξίωμα του Προέδρου, σε διάφορους χρήστες στο twitter. Ψιλοαδιάφορη γιατί είναι σε στυλ «τώρα που δικάζουμε δεν είναι πια Πρόεδρος οπότε έληξε το θέμα, δεν ασχολούμαστε». Έχει ενδιαφέρον όμως η «γκρίνια» ενός Ανώτατου Δικαστή, του Clarence Thomas (μαύρος, συντηρητικός) που ζητά να ρυθμιστούν οι πλατφόρμες ψηφιακής δικτύωσης ως Public Utilities (οργανισμοί κοινής ωφελείας). Αγρίως ρυθμιζόμενες δλδ. Προσεχώς στις οθόνες μας η ταινία, θα έχει μέλλον αυτό το ζήτημα.

Justice Thomas, in a concurring opinion, takes the opportunity to push for limitations on digital platforms. He argues that legislators should consider classifying companies like Facebook, Google, and Twitter as public utilities, thereby limiting their ability to deplatform users.
https://www.supremecourt.gov/orders/courtorders/040521zor_3204.pdf

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